Video instructions and help with filling out and completing How Form 2220 Respectively

Instructions and Help about How Form 2220 Respectively

Hello everyone this is Andrew at Crown Academy of English today we are doing a lesson about the present perfect and in particular about the form so let's start so this is a two-part lesson and there will be a separate video for each part so this video part 1 I will talk about the form so the affirmative negative and question 4 I will also discuss the spelling rules of past participles the correct position of adverbs and then some exercises and part 2 I will explain how to use the present perfect and I will discuss the meaning and also importantly the differences between the present perfect and the past simple okay so two videos and I advise you to watch both of them okay it's very important to to watch both videos okay so let's start with part one dad I have cleaned my bedroom can I go to the park okay good see you later okay so this is the present perfect okay so this is the present perfect affirmative I have cleaned I have cleaned you have cleaned he she or it has cleaned we have cleaned you have cleaned and they have claimed so if we now analyze the form then this is what it looks like okay subject and then we have the verb have in the present simple form for example I have you have he has and then at the end we have the verb in the past participle form okay so this is past participle of the verb clean and this part have we are using half as an auxiliary verb and the important part here is in the third person singular the third person singular it changes it is house and this one is the main verb so clean is the main verb and this is the past participle so for a regular verb a regular verb like clean we add Edie to to the verb to form the past participle okay so that is the affirmative now let's look at the contracted form of the affirmative so I have cleaned I've cleaned so we put an apostrophe and then the letters V E and we pronounce it as one syllable I've you've cleaned he's cleaned she's cleaned it's cleaned we've cleaned you've cleaned they've cleaned okay now the negative form I have not cleaned the car so here is the negative form of the present perfect I have not cleaned you have not cleaned he/she it has not cleaned we have not cleaned you have not cleaned they have not cleaned subject the verb have in the correct form of the present simple the word not and then the prelate sorry and then the past participle form again okay and as always be careful of he/she/it it is the only one where we say has and not have notice that always the past participle form the form is always the same for each subject this never changes okay so that it makes it a little bit easier now the contracted form of the negative I haven't cleaned you haven't cleaned he hasn't cleaned she hasn't cleaned it hasn't cleaned we haven't cleaned you haven't cleaned they haven't cleaned okay now in the negative there are two ways of forming the contracted form okay this is the first way I will now show you the second method I've not cleaned you've not cleaned he's not cleaned she's not cleaned it's not cleaned we've not cleaned you've not cleaned and they've not cleaned okay so both of these methods are correct but this is better okay this is the preferred method and this is correct but I advise you to use this method question form have you visited buckingham palace so here is the question for have I visited have you visited has he/she/it visited have we visited have you visited and have they visited so we have the verb have in the present simple form subject and again the verb in the past participle form and a question mark don't forget the question mark to show that it is a question and as always don't forget this is house this is the only part that changes question form another time of question what has she cooked for dinner why have you done that where have they gone okay so in all of these examples in red this is the normal form for the question okay we have just seen that we saw that on the previous slide and we can also ask a question another type of question by adding a question word before the form here in blue so we can ask a question with a question word by adding the question word to the front of the sentence so here we can add a question word either what where why who or how followed by the verb have subject and the verb in the past participle form with a question mark now the past participle spelling rules these are the same spelling rules are for a tough simple form okay so if you already know those they are the same but here is some revision so regular verbs simply add Edie walk walked clean cleaned so I have walked I have cleaned regular verbs ending in a silent e add D I have died I have closed regular verbs ending in a consonant and the letter Y we changed white I and add Edie I have hurried I have carried AI e D regular verbs ending in a vowel and a letter y e d I have stayed I have played IDI regular verbs with one syllable ending in a consonant and a vowel and a consonant double a consonant and AD Edie I have stopped I have planned so we double the P and add IDI a regular verb with more than one syllable and ending in a consonant and a vowel and a consonant