Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Who Form 2220 Admin

Instructions and Help about Who Form 2220 Admin

Hi I'm John Green this is crash-course US history and today after last week's bummer on slavery we turn to a happier topic the rise of democratization in the US this was also known as the age of Jackson note stand not that Jackson no no Stan come on seriously no no no no no no no no no no no no yes that Jackson Andrew Jackson Music sorry I just had to check my collar right so you'll recall that the initial democracy of the United States wasn't terribly democratic almost all voters were white male landowners mr. green mr. green that's just radically unfair exactly me from the past but between 1820 and 1850 this started to change state legislatures lowered or eltz eliminated the property qualifications for voting which allowed many more people to vote so long as they were you know both white and managed Remus green so I'd be in right yeah that seems reasonable yeah me from the past quick privilege check one of the reasons we study history is so that you can learn that people like you are not actually at the center of history even though you know you've been taught that but anyway the whole idea of owning land is a prerequisite for voting is sort of Jeffersonian an individual who works his own land can be truly independent because he doesn't need to rely upon markets to acquire stuff or god forbid wages to give him money with which to buy stuff no he makes his own stuff and he doesn't need anybody except for slaves and also women to make shoes and clothes and to cook food and also make children but in light of the market revolution the idea of excluding wage workers seemed to very outdated the idea of excluding women and non-white people though still quite popular but this defining characteristic of the age of Jackson really had very little to do with Andrew Jackson himself because by the time he became president in 1829 every state except for North Carolina Virginia and Rhode Island had already gotten rid of their property requirements in fact that's probably why he got elected right so you recall that America's mostly fake victory in the war of 1812 and the subsequent collapse of the Federalist Party ushered in the era of good feelings which was another way of saying that there was basic agreement on most domestic policies the American system was a program of economic nationalism built on one federally financed internal improvements like roads and canals what we would now call infrastructure to tariffs to protect new factories and industries and three a national bank that would replace the first bank of the United States whose charter expired in 1811 you'll never guess what we called this second bank unless you guessed that we called it the second bank of the United States the main supporters of this American system where our old friend John C Calhoun and our new friend Henry Clay both were Jeffersonian Republicans which isn't surprising because that was the only political party but it's kind of surprising because the American system had nothing to do with agrarian Republic the Jefferson had champions but whatever this was the era of good feelings so we're gonna go with it by the way this nationalism also extended to foreign affairs after Latin America won its independence from Spain president Monroe made a speech proposing that Europe shouldn't try to retake colonies in the Western Hemisphere and if they did we would like do stuff this so called Monroe Doctrine also said that the US would stay out of European Wars haha but we did live up to the other end of it you'll remember that when the British came for the Falkland Islands we were like this shall not stand just kidding we were like oh right so the last era of good feelings president was John Quincy Adams who was quite the diplomat and expansionist he actually wrote the Monroe Doctrine for instance but in fact it turns out that all feelings were not good there was significant disagreement over three main issues first many people felt that the federal government shouldn't invest in infrastructure like James Madison who'd initially supported those bills ended up vetoing one of them that included a big spending increase to finance roads and canals now the roads and canals did get built but in the end most of the financing fell to the States there were also big problems with the second bank of the United States which you know is why you cannot visit a branch of it these days but we'll get to that in a minute and lastly there was the perennial issue of slavery in this case the problem started as so many problems do in Missouri so in 1819 Missouri had enough people in it to become a state but despite the fact that there were already more than 10,000 slaves there a New York congressman named James Tallmadge made a motion to prohibit the introduction of further slaves into the proposed state it took almost two years to work out the John C Calhoun storm that blew up after this actually it took more than that it took until the end of the Civil War basically butter the short run Missouri was allowed to enter the union as a slave state while Maine was carved out of Massachusetts to keep the balance of things but the Missouri Compromise also said that no state admitted above the 36:30 line of latitude would be allowed to have slaves except of course for Missouri itself which as you can see is well above the law anyway this solution to westward expansion worked out magnificently provided that you enjoy civil wars so Thomas Jefferson who by the way was still alive which gives you some context for how a young the nation truly was