Video instructions and help with filling out and completing Why Form 2220 Imposed

Instructions and Help about Why Form 2220 Imposed

The American Indian Wars or Indian Wars is the collective name for the various armed conflicts fought by European governments and colonists and later the United States government and American settlers against various American Indian tribes these conflicts occurred within the United States in Canada from the time of the earliest colonial settlements in the 17th century until the 1920s the various Indian Wars resulted from a wide variety of sources including cultural clashes land disputes and criminal acts committed on both sides European powers in the colonies also enlisted Indian tribes to help them conduct warfare against one another's colonial settlements after the American Revolution many conflicts were local to specific states or regions and frequently involved disputes over land use some entailed cycles of violent reprisal the British royal proclamation of 1763 included in the constitution of Canada prohibited white settlers from taking the lands of indigenous peoples in Canada without signing a treaty with them it continues to be the lime Canada today an 11 numbered treaties covering most of the First Nations lands limited the number of such conflicts as white settlers spread westward after 1780 the size duration and intensity of armed conflicts increased between settlers and Indians the climax came in the war of 1812 which resulted in the defeat of major Indian coalition's in the Midwest in the south and conflict with settlers became much less common conflicts were resolved by treaty often through sale or exchange of territory between the federal government and specific tribes the Indian Removal Act of 1830 authorized the US government to enforce the Indian Removal east of the Mississippi River to the other side of the sparsely populated American frontier the policy of removal was eventually refined to relocate Indian tribes to specially designated and federally protected reservations topic colonial period 1542 1774 the colonization of North America by the English French Spanish Dutch and Swedish was resisted by some Indian tribes and assisted by other tribes wars and other armed conflicts in the 17th and 18th centuries included beaver wars 1609 to 1701 between the Iroquois and the French who allied with the Algonquians Anglo Powhatan wars 1610 to 1416 22 to 32 16 44 to 46 including the 1622 jamestown Massacre between English colonists and the powhatan confederacy in the colony of Virginia Pequot War of 1636 238 between the Pequot tribe and English colonists in Massachusetts and Connecticut keith's war 1643 245 in the Dutch territory of New Netherland New Jersey and New York between Dutch colonists and the Lenape people Peachtree War 16:55 the large scale attacked by the Susquehannock sand allied tribes on several New Netherland settlements along the Hudson River Esopus Wars 1659 to 1663 conflicts between the Esopus tribe of Lenape Indians and colonial new Netherlanders in Ulster County New York King Philip's War 1675 278 in New England between colonists and the Narragansett people Tuscarora war 17 11 to 15 in the english province of north carolina yama sea war 1715 to 17 in the english province of south carolina numbers war 17 22 to 25 in northern new england and french acadia New Brunswick and Nova Scotia Pontiacs war 1763 to 66 in the Great Lakes region Lord Dunmore swore 1774 in western Virginia Kentucky and West Virginia in several instances warfare in North America was a reflection of European rivalries with American Indian tribes splitting their alliances among the powers siding with their trading partners various tribes fought on each side in King William's war Queen Anne's war dummer swore King George's War and the French and Indian War aligned with British or French colonists according their own self-interests similarly in the American Revolution and the war of 1812 Indian tribes in the territories of conflict differed in their alliances the Cherokees supported the British in the Revolution and raided frontier American settlements in the hope of driving out the settlers other tribes fought for the American patriots such as the Oneida people and to score a people of the Iroquois Confederacy in New York topic east of the Mississippi 1775 to 1842 in the period after the American Revolution 1783 to 1812 British merchants and government agents supplied weapons to Indians living in the United States in the hope that if a war broke out the Indians would fight on the British side they plan to set up an Indian nation in the Ohio Wisconsin area to block further American expansion the u.s. protested and went to war in 1812 most Indian tribes supported the British especially those allied with Tecumseh but they were ultimately defeated by General William Henry Harrison the war of 1812 spread to Indian rivalries as well many refugees from defeated tribes went over the border to Canada those in the South went to Florida while it was under Spanish control during the early 19th century the federal government was under pressure by settlers in many regions to expel Indians from their areas the Indian Removal Act of 1830 offered Indians the choices of assimilation and giving up tribal membership relocation to an Indian Reservation with an exchange or payment for lands or movement west some resisted fiercely most notably the Seminoles in a series of wars in Florida they were never defeated although some Seminoles did remove to Indian territory the United States gave up on the remainder by then living defensively deep in the swamps and Everglades others were moved to reservations west of the Mississippi River most famously the Cherokee whose relocation was called the Trail of Tears topic American Revolutionary War 1775 to 1783 the American Revolutionary War was essentially two parallel wars for the American patriots the war in the East was a struggle against British rule while the war in the West was in Indian War the newly proclaimed United States competed with the British for control of the territory east of the Mississippi River some Indians sided with the British as they hope to